How do varicose veins occur?
Varicose veins or varices are enlarged and winding veins. The term varicose vein (-disease) usually refers to the veins in the lower limbs, but can also, albeit much less frequently, occur in other places. Inside each vein, one-way valves prevent the blood, which has arrived in the leg through the arteries and must return to the heart through the vein, from flowing back down under the influence of gravity. When these valves no longer work as they should, the arterial wall weakens and expands. The good news is that almost always only the superficial vein system is affected by this varicose vein- disease, accounting for about 10% of the back flow of the blood. The rest of the back flow of the blood returns to the main arteries inside the limb.
If these superficial veins do not work properly, they can be removed or closed without serious damage (see below). It is very important to have an annual check-up after varicose vein treatment: family predisposition or hereditary predisposition is the main reason for your problem. In case you develop a new varicose vein somewhere, this will certainly be detected during an annual check-up, and there are other methods than the surgical one to treat a new varicose vein at this initial stage. This is almost always possible on an out-patient basis at the consultation.